Publications

A look at the reports and briefs about policy and practice in water, sanitation and hygiene.
WaterAid/ Poulomi Basu

Latest publications

WaterAid India develops a wide range of publications including technical reports, policy briefs, operations research, qualitative evaluations, good practice documents, and IEC materials. Available here are these publications for your reading and review.

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Overflowing Cities: The State of the World’s Toilet 2016

Without access to any system for removing human waste, almost 100 million urban dwellers have little option but to practise open defecation. The remaining 600 million people rely on toilets that do not fulfil minimum requirements of hygiene, safety or privacy – including dirty and crowded communal toilets, and rudimentary pit or bucket latrines. Communities near water may use ‘hanging’ latrines suspended over a river or lake, where human waste drops straight into the water. Streets and common areas quickly become open sewers and rubbish dumps.

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An assessment of School WASH infrastructure and hygiene behaviours in nine states

Under Swachh Vidyalaya, significant progress has been made in toilet coverage and functionality. To comprehensively understand the water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) status post the launch of the Swachh Vidyalaya Abhiyan, WaterAid India undertook an assessment in 453 schools in 34 districts across nine states to take stock of WASH services and infrastructure, understand the functionality and usage and know the status and awareness of hygiene including menstrual hygiene management (MHM).

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A tale of clean cities

New research from WaterAid has identified how cities like Visakhapatnam (Vizag) are tackling the ever-growing urban sanitation challenge posed by rapid urbanisation, and have successfully used Swachh Bharat to lead the way in getting access to toilets for everyone across India. With nearly a third (31%) of India’s population now living in urban areas, city infrastructure is struggling to keep up. A tale of clean cities: insights for planning urban sanitation from Ghana, India and The Philippines explores ‘what works’ by examining how three cities have made significant strides in ensuring access to sanitation services for all urban dwellers.

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Mala, Community Mobilizer and Anita, Panchayat Mobilizer facilitating the MHM session with village women and adolescent girls. Baisenbagh village, post interventionLucknow, Uttar Pradesh

Decoding GST on sanitary pads

ARUNDATI MURALIDHARAN & TANYA MAHAJAN Why does GST matter? After a year-long zealous campaign on the Goods and Services Tax (GST) for sanitary pads by Members of Parliament, activists, students and the general public, the Government on India announced on 21 July 2018 that sanitary pads will be exempted from GST, a decision that was thought to benefit the thousands of Indian girls and women who use and want to use sanitary pads. The basic premise for the zero tax movement was that sanitary pads are an essential and not a luxury item for women.  But will tax exemption really...

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