Quality and sustainability of toilets

With an aim to ensure open defecation free (ODF) India by 2019, Swachh Bharat Mission has been progressing at a rapid pace. Since its start in October 2014, over four crore toilets have been constructed across rural India. Lakhs of villages and hundreds of districts are being declared ODF across the country. However, there are concerns that the rapid top-down implementation focused on construction targets might have come about at the expense of the quality of the implementation. One key aspect within that would be the toilet technology choice and quality of the toilets built, which would affect the sustainability.