WaterAid India regional partner in Kanker, Chhattisgarh came across certain villages with high water table, where despite unsuitability, leach pit toilets were being constructed to become open defecation free (ODF). One such village, Sonpur of Budeli Gram panchayat (in Narharpur block) has some areas where ground water table is high (5-10 feet below ground) and water seeps into pits dug for constructing leach pit toilets thus contaminating ground water with faecal pathogens. In the monsoon, the situation further deteriorates when all pits are filled with water making them non usable.
The matter was brought to the notice of Panchayat and Zila Panchayat CEO who immediately put the construction of leach pit toilets on hold and requested WaterAid India’s partner Samarthan for an appropriate solution. Our partner in consultation with WaterAid India suggested introduction of EcoSan toilet for such areas.
Orientation sessions were conducted for Panchayati Raj Institution members, sub-engineers and technical assistants of Narharpur block. A trained mason provided hands on training on EcoSan toilet construction to the masons working in Sonpur.
Following this a survey was done in Sonpur to identify families situated in high water table areas and a resolution was passed by the Panchayat to construct EcoSan toilets for 60 families. Three EcoSan toilets have been constructed so far.
The EcoSan toilet being promoted here is a urine diversion dry toilet system, designed to prevent ground and surface water contamination and to provide a hygienically safe, economical and closed-loop system to convert human excreta into nutrients to be returned to the soil.